Michael Nelson TJAKAMARRA Profile

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Michael Nelson TJAKAMARRA

AKA Jagamara, Jakamara, Djakamara, Minjina, Minyina

Born: 1945
Active: 1983
Region: Western Desert, NT
Community: Papunya, Papunya
Outstation: Mount Singleton, Pikilyi, Pikilyi
Language: Warlpiri, Luritja
AIAM Overall Ranking: 50
AIAM Market Ranking: 41 (2017)

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Artist Profile

Born at Vaughan Springs (Mt. Doreen Station), 100 km west of Yuendumu, where a string of twenty-four freshwater springs support a flourishing desert oasis, Nelson was frightened by his first sight of white men as a young boy and remembers hiding from them in the bush. His family lived for a time at Haast’s Bluff with the same family group as Long Jack Phillipus and later moved to Yuendumu so that he could receive European education at the mission school. He left at thirteen, after his initiation, and worked buffalo shooting in 1962 on the East and South Alligator Rivers, driving trucks, droving cattle and in the army, before returning to Warlpiri country at Lajamanu and later Yuendumu and in 1976, moving to Papunya where he settled and married.

Michael Nelson had inherited key responsibilities for many sacred sites and rituals from his father, an important Warlpiri Medicine Man at Yuendumu. The Warlpiri were deeply concerned about the painting movement that had begun at Papunya and while he worked in the government store and for the council he observed the work of the older artists with interest. Despite the Warlpiri elders’ opposition to committing their sacred designs to canvas, the financial benefits were becoming increasingly evident to many of the far-flung desert communities. Nelson’s interest and early artistic efforts, made under the guidance of the older artists, was rewarded when in 1983 he was asked to join Papunya Artists as a full-time member. Though working within the carefully delineated ‘classic’ style of the late 1970’s and early 1980’s, his natural flair for inventive composition and zestful colour brought him to prominence when in 1984 he won the inaugural National Aboriginal Art Award and two years later exhibited in the Biennale of Sydney. In 1987, Western Desert art proclaimed its place within the nation’s identity when his 8.2 metre mural was installed in the northern foyer of the Sydney Opera House. He was introduced to the Queen at the opening of Australia’s new Parliament House the following year having designed the 196 square metre mosaic that dominates the forecourt of the building. If ‘timing is everything,’ then, as Nelson’s long time friend and biographer Vivian Johnson suggests, Nelson’s entry into the limelight was opportune. During the 1980’s, the evolving desert style gradually leaned away from the map-like sites and journey lines to focus more on experimentation with design elements. Nelson found his forte in this era of aesthetic exploration. The growing awareness of Aboriginal art’s contemporary significance, nationally and internationally, fuelled public acclaim and Nelson traveled widely as one of the faces that presented, and at times demonstrated, this ancient art form to the world in its new mode His Five Stories 1985, was reproduced on the cover of the catalogue/book that accompanied the exhibition Dreamings: Art of Aboriginal Australia that opened in New York in 1988. The year following his visit to the USA with Billy Stockman for the opening of Dreamings he had his first solo exhibition at Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi in Melbourne and painted a BMW M3 Racing Car. In this and other major projects at the time he was assisted on the dotting by his wife Marjorie Napaltjarri.

In 1993, following two more solo exhibitions organised through Papunya Tula Artists and his participation in Aratjara, Art of the First Australians, he received the Order of Australia Medal for services to Aboriginal art and a year later he was granted a Fellowship from the Visual Arts Board of the Australia Council. At the same time as the burgeoning industry was putting more money in to remote Aboriginal communities it began to spawn a growing band of astute intellectuals and high-flying entrepreneurs. This gave rise to the ever-present anxiety amongst Indigenous custodians of trespassing too closely on secret-sacred tradition or commercialising it as a fashionable commodity. In view of the changing demands of modern times, Nelson publicly countered skeptics with a deceptively simple observation when he said, ‘the stories are the same but our way of telling them is changing’. In this comment he revealed that for him, the Dreaming remained a sacrosanct inner reality that no external circumstances could touch. Despite this, by the mid 1990’s, following the heavy demand for his works during the previous decade, the pressure appeared to have taken its toll on him and his works became more stilted and formulaic. Other Papunya artists had begun developing less iconographically dependent, more abstracted imagery that appealed to the contemporary aesthetic. By comparison Michael Nelsons paintings seemed to have lost their zing. In relation to the art political divide between art centres, independent dealers and individual artist entrepreneurship Michael Nelson Tjakamarra is the ultimate enigma. During the 1990’s he supported and supplied paintings to Warumpi Arts, an outlet set up in Gregory Terrace, Alice Springs, by the Papunya Community Council in direct competition with Papunya Tula. He was, in fact, elected president of the Papunya Community Council during the 1990’s and again between 2002 and 2004. And in 1996, having met artist and gallery owner Michael Eather in the late 1980’s, Nelson began formally working within the collaborative atmosphere of Brisbane’s Campfire Group in which an exchange of artistic ideas and practices flourished. As a result he participated with Paddy Carroll Tjungurrayi in the 2 nd Asia Pacific Triennial at the Queensland Art Gallery.

Following a series of experimental workshops over the following eighteen months, he began slowing his artistic process down and breaking up his visual language into its discrete elements: form, colour, scale and story. Rather than trying as he had done previously to fit three and four ‘Dreamings’ on the one canvas, he decided to minimize his work and paint only the ‘trademarks’ of the story. Encouraged to continue in this vein he completed the first of his commissioned expressionist paintings at Papunya by reducing previously complex dreaming maps down into iconic logos and scaling them up. This literally breathed new life into his work and following several more experimental painting and drawing workshops at Papunya he began traveling to Brisbane three or four times a year to work at Campfire Studios. Through this collaboration Nelson has launched into a highly expressionistic genre with his minimalist surfaces embellished with singular, rapidly painted, calligraphic-like motifs that resound with the power of their ancient origins. The meticulous dot has been replaced with vigorous gestures executed energetically and haptically on to the painted surface of his canvases. Though he was represented in the exhibition Papunya Tula: Genesis and Genius with a rendition of his Five Dreamings executed in the formulaic style he adopted while painting for the company in 1984, the success of his more recent works created while functioning as an independent artist was underscored when he won the prestigious Tattersall’s Landscape Prize in 2006 for his expressionist painting Big Rain. While Nelson, like many of his contemporaries, maintains that Aboriginal art cannot be fully appreciated without comprehending its underlying attachment to a particular place and meaning, these new works appear to transcend the parameters of Western Desert art and have come to represent an entirely new and meaningful dialogue between traditional Aboriginal and contemporary European Australian art.

Medium

Synthetic Polymer Paint on Linen and Canvas, Works on Paper

Subjects

Big and Little Bush Potato (Yumurpa and Wapita), Bushfire, Emu, Flying Ants, Kangaroo, Possum, Rain, Rock Wallaby , Snake , Witchetty Grub , Women’s Digging Stick

Sites

Lukirri, Mount Singleton, Vaughan Springs (Pikili) , Wantapi, Wantapirri, Wapurtarli, Warnluneveru, Yintarramarin

Collections

Araluen Arts Centre,
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Art Gallery of Queensland, Brisbane
Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide
Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
Australian Museum, Sydney
Brisbane City Gallery
Centre Culturel Tjibaou, New Caledonia
Ho-Am Art Museum, Korea,
Holmes a Court Collection;
Mem Aziz collection, Melbourne
Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory,
National Gallery of Australia
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Queensland Art Gallery, Art Gallery of Western Australia
Rockhampton Art Gallery
South Australian Museum, Adelaide
University of Queensland Art Museum
Vizard Collection

Awards and Commissions

1984 First prize, Inaugural National Aboriginal Art Award
1993 Australian Medal for Contribution to Aboriginal Art
Artist’s Fellowship, Visual Arts/Craft Board for Australia Council
2001 Finalist in 18th Telstra NATSIAA

Commissions:

1987 Sydney Opera House Bicentennial Mural
1988 Mosaic Forecourt, New Parliament House, Canberra
1989 BMW Art Car Project, – Painted BMW M3 Racing Car

Selected Exhibitions

1985 National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
1986 Biennale of Sydney; Roar Studios, Melbourne; Institute of Contemporary Art, London
1987 Gallery Gabriella Pizzi, Melbourne
1988 Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide;
Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico City, Mexico;
Australian National Gallery, Canberra
1992 Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
1993 Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
1997 Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
1998 Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs; Gallery Gabriella Pizzi, Melbourne
1999 Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs;
Embassy of Australia, Washington, U.S.A.
2000 Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
2001 Icons of Australian Aboriginal Art, Singapore

Individual exhibitions

1989 “Michael Nelson Jagamara”, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne
1990 “Michael Nelson Jagamara”, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne
1993 Utopia Art, Sydney
1996 “New Work”, Fire-Works gallery, Brisbane
1997 “Nine Dreamings from Mt Singleton”, Fire-Works gallery, Brisbane;
1998 “New Expressions”, Fire-Works gallery, Brisbane
1999 “Without the Story the Painting is Nothing”, curated by S.P. Wright Brisbane City Gallery MNJ, Fire-Works gallery, Brisbane
“New wor”, Desart Gallery Sydney
2000 “Michael Nelson Jagamara Painting”, Japingka Gallery, Fremantle Some Other Way, MNJ and Campfire Group. Fire-Works gallery, Brisbane
2003 redrock gallery, Melbourne

Group Exhibitions

1984 “Papunya and Beyond”, Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
The First National Aboriginal Art Award, Museum & Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin
1985 The Face of the Centre: Papunya Tula Paintings 1971 – 84, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
1986 The Biennale of Sydney, AGNSW, Sydney; Roar Studios, Melbourne
1987 State of the Art: ideas and images of the 1980’s, Institute of Contemporary Art, London; The Fourth National Indigenous Art Award, MAGNT, Darwin;
Papunya Tula: 1982-1983, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne
1988 Dreamings: The Art of Aboriginal Australia, The Asia society Galleries, New York
1989 Papunya Tula: Contemporary Paintings from Australia’s Western Desert, John Weber Gallery, New York;
Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico City;
A Myriad of dreaming: 20th Century Aboriginal Art, Westpac Gallery, Melbourne;
A Myriad of dreaming: 20th Century Aboriginal Art, Design Warehouse, Sydney;
Aboriginal Art: The Continuing Tradition, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra;
“Windows on the Dreaming”, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
1990 “Balance 1990”, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
1991 Aboriginal Art and Spirituality, High Court, Canberra;
Flash Pictures, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra;
The Painted Dream: Contemporary Aboriginal Paintings from the Tim & Vivien Johnson Collection, Auckland City Art Gallery & Te Whare Taonga o Aoteroa National Art Gallery, New Zealand; Alice to Penzance, The Mall Galleries, London
1992 Central Australian Aboriginal Art & Craft Exhibition, Araluen Centre, Alice Springs
1993 Aboriginal Art Exhibition, Kung Gubunga, Oasis Gallery, Gold Coast;
Tjukurrpa, Desert Dreamings, Aboriginal Art from Central Australia (1971 – 1993), Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
1993-4 Aratjara, Art of the First Australians, Touring – Kunstammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf; Hayward Gallery, London; Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark
1996 Salt Water, Fresh Water, Bore Water, Touring Regional Galleries with Campfire Group
All Stock Must Go! Asia Pacific Triennial, Queensland Art Gallery with Campfire Group
1998 Powerful Medicine, Dar Festival of Indigenous Art & Culture, King George Square, Brisbane with Campfire Group;
Melbourne Art Fair, Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne;
National Indigenous Heritage Art Award, Old Parliament House, ACT;
National Indigenous Heritage Art Award, Touring Exhibition
1999 Asia Pacific Triennial, Queensland Art Gallery
2000 National Indigenous Heritage Art Award, Old Parliament House, ACT with Campfire Group;
2000 Telstra National Indigenous Art Awards, MAGNT with Campfire Group
Genesis and Genius, The Art of Papunya Tula, AGNSW
Landmarks, Dar Festival of Indigenous Art and Culture, Brisbane Powerhouse with Campfire Group;
Melbourne Art Fair, Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne with Campfire Group
2000 Landmarks, Dar Festival of Indigenous Art and Culture, Brisbane Powerhouse with Campfire Gr
2000 Melbourne Art Fair, Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne with Campfire Group
2002 redrock gallery Melbourne
2007 June, redrock gallery, Group Exhibition, Gallery Grand Opening Beijing, P.R China
2007 July, redrock gallery, Group Exhibition China World Exhibition Centre, Beijing P.R China
2007 August, redrock gallery, Group Exhibition, Grand Hyatt Hotel,Beijing, P.R China
2007 November, redrock gallery, Group Exhibition, International Art Expo, Beijing, P.R China
2008 July, redrock gallery Beijing, 2nd Gallery Opening, Group Exhibition, Beijing, P.R China
2008 July, redrock gallery Beijing, 2nd Gallery Opening, Group Exhibition, Beijing, P.R China

References

Johnson, Vivien. 2008. Lives of the Papunya Tula Artists. Australia. IAD Press. Johnson, Vivien. 1997. Michael Nelson Jagamara. Sydney. Craftsman House. Geissler, Marie. 2006. Michael Nelson Jagamara. Australia. Craft Arts International 67. Redrock Gallery. A Publication of Michael Nelson Tjakamarra by Adrian Newstead – © 2016 AIAM100.com

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